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Professor Salvador Ryan

Professor of Ecclesiastical History

Faculty of Theology
St Patrick’s College, Maynooth
County Kildare

Tel: 00-353-1-7083792
Email: Salvador.Ryan@spcm.ie


Salvador Ryan is a native of Moneygall, County Offaly. He studied Nua-Ghaeilge and History at NUI Maynooth and Theology at St Patrick’s College Maynooth and St Patrick’s College, Thurles. He completed his doctoral dissertation on ‘Popular religion in Gaelic Ireland, 1445-1645’ at the Department of History, NUI Maynooth, in 2003, and was based in the department as an IRCHSS Postdoctoral Fellow from 2003-05. From 2005-08 he taught Church History at St Patrick’s College, Thurles, and was employed as Academic Coordinator from 2006-08 before returning to St Patrick’s College, Maynooth as Professor of Ecclesiastical History in 2008. In 2011 he was appointed secretary to the Faculty of Theology at the Pontifical University in Maynooth. In 2013 he was elected to the Ecclesiastical History Society as an Executive Committee Member for a three-year term. In 2014 he was appointed to the Editorial Advisory Board of British Catholic History (Cambridge University Press), the journal formerly known as Recusant History. In June 2015 he was appointed joint Review Editor of Irish Theological Quarterly.

Research Interests:

  • Popular religion and ritual in late medieval and early modern Europe, and especially Gaelic Ireland.
  • Medieval Gaelic Irish devotional poetry and its relationship with English and European medieval religious lyrics.
  • Theology of Christ’s Passion and its devotional manifestations in the middle ages.
  • Medieval and early modern hagiography.
  • Popular reception of biblical material in late medieval and early modern Ireland.
  • The Catholic Reformation.
  • The implementation of the Council of Trent in early modern Ireland.
  • The catechetical and devotional writings of the Irish Franciscan friars at St Anthony’s College Louvain in the seventeenth century.
  • The history of preaching.
  • Nineteenth and twentieth-century popular devotion.

Select Publications:

Edited Volumes

  • Art and Devotion in late medieval Ireland (co-editor with Rachel Moss and Colmán Ó Clabaigh). Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2006.
  • Devotional Cultures of European Christianity, 1790-1960 (co-editor with Henning Laugerud). Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2012.
  • Treasures of Irish Christianity: People and Places, Images and Texts (co-editor with Brendan Leahy). Dublin: Veritas, 2012.
  • Treasures of Irish Christianity, Volume 2: A People of the Word (co-editor with Brendan Leahy). Dublin: Veritas, 2013.
  • Treasures of Irish Christianity, Volume 3: To the Ends of the Earth (editor). Dublin: Veritas, 2015.
  • The materiality of devotion in late medieval northern Europe: images, objects and practices (co-editor with Henning Laugerud and Laura Katrine Skinnebach). Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2016.
  • Making the Book of Fenagh: Context and Text (co-editor with Raymond Gillespie and Brendan Scott). Killeshandra: Cumann Seanchais Bhreifne, 2016.
  • Religion and Politics in Urban Ireland, c.1500-c.1750: Essays in honour of Colm Lennon (co-editor with Clodagh Tait). Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2016.
  • Death and the Irish: a Miscellany (Dublin: Wordwell Books, October 2016)
  • Remembering the Reformation: Martin Luther and Catholic Theology (co-editor with Declan Marmion). Minneapolis: Fortress Press, in press, early 2017.
  • Marriage and the Irish: a Miscellany (in preparation)

Articles and Book Chapters:


  • ‘Thomas MacDonagh: “Making me darkly grope to my sure end”‘, in David Bracken (ed.), The End of All Things Earthly: Faith Profiles of the 1916 leaders (Dublin: Veritas, 2016)
  • ‘Death and the Irish: reflections from a Moneygall childhood’, in Salvador Ryan (ed.), Death and the Irish: a Miscellany (Dublin: Wordwell Books, in press, October 2016)


  • ‘”Scarce anyone survives a heart wound”: the wounded Christ in Irish bardic religious poetry’, in Larissa Tracy and Kelly de Vries (eds), ‘His Brest Tobrosten’: Wounds and Wound Repair in Medieval Culture. Leiden: Brill, 2015.
  • ‘“A gentle doe from the best of the herd”: the Virgin Mary as Intercessor in the late medieval and early modern Irish tradition’, in Jonas Carlquist and Virginia Langum (eds), Words and Matter: the Virgin Mary in Late Medieval Parish Life. Stockholm: Runica et Mediaevalia, 2015.
  • ‘Christ the wounded lover and affective piety in late medieval Ireland and beyond’, in Henning Laugerud, Salvador Ryan and Laura Katrine Skinnebach (eds), The materiality of devotion in late medieval northern Europe: images, objects and practices. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2016.
  • ‘Missions and Missionaries’, in The Global History of Catholicism, ed. James Hagerty (Bassingbourn: Rowan Publishing, forthcoming, 2016)
  • “‘A Missionary in his Way and Place”: the Five Minute Sermons of Fr Algernon Brown CSP (1848-78)’, in Serving Liturgical Renewal: Pastoral and Theological Questions: Essays in honour of Patrick Jones, ed. Thomas R. Whelan and Liam M. Tracey (Dublin: Veritas, 2015)
  • ‘To Russia with Love: Father Sean Moriarty and a Modern Peregrinatio Pro Christo’, in Salvador Ryan (ed.), Treasures of Irish Christianity, volume 3: To the Ends of the Earth (Dublin: Veritas, 2015)


  • ‘The new papal saints and their relations with Orthodox Christianity’, Doctrine and Life 64:6 (July/August, 2014)
  • ‘The arma Christi in medieval and early modern Ireland’ in Lisa Cooper and Andrea Denny-Brown (eds), The Arma Christi in Medieval and Early Modern Material Culture (Farnham: Ashgate, 2014).
  • ‘Sparks through the Stubble: Re-imagining Ireland’s “Golden Age” of Christianity’, The Furrow (January, 2014).
  • ‘Penance and the Privateer: handling sin in the bardic religious verse of the Book of the O’Conor Don (1631)’, in Tadhg Ó hAnnracháin and Robert Armstrong (eds), Christianities in the Early Modern Celtic World (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014)


  • ‘The devotional landscape of medieval Irish cultural Catholicism inter hibernicos et inter anglicos, c.1200-c.1550’, in Oliver Rafferty (ed.), Irish Catholic Identities. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2013.
  • ‘Continental Catechisms and their Irish Imitators in Spanish Habsburg Lands, c. 1550-1650’ in Raymond Gillespie and Ruairí Ó hUiginn (eds), Irish Europe: Writing and Learning, 1600-1650. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2013.
  • ‘Signed in Blood: Christ’s crucified body as document’, in Salvador Ryan and Brendan Leahy (eds), Treasures of Irish Christianity, Volume 2. Dublin: Veritas, 2013.
  • “Holding up a lamp to the sun: Hiberno-papal relations and the construction of Irish orthodoxy in John Lynch’s Cambrensis Eversus (1662)” in Charlotte Methuen and John Dolan (eds), The Church on its past: Studies in Church History 49 (Abingdon: Boydell Press, 2013).
  • Merita Missae: the Eucharist and the Lived reality of Irish Christians in the Late Medieval and Early Modern Periods’ in 50th International Eucharistic Congress 2012, Proceedings of the International Symposium of Theology: The ecclesiology of Communion Fifty Years after the Opening of Vatican II. Dublin: Veritas, 2013.
  • ‘“Once I heard a story … from scripture does it come”: biblical allusions in Irish bardic religious poetry’ in Seán Duffy (ed.), Princes, Prelates and Poets in Medieval Ireland: Essays in Honour of Katharine Simms. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2013.


  • ‘“No milkless cow”: the Cross of Christ in medieval Irish literature’, in Peter Clarke and Charlotte Methuen (eds), The Church and Literature: Studies in Church History 48. Abingdon: Boydell Press, 2012.
  • ‘Reconstructing Irish Catholic origins after the Reformation’, in Simon Ditchfield, Kate van Liere and Howard Louthan (eds), Sacred History: Uses of the Christian Past in the Renaissance World. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.
  • ‘Blood piety and the Eucharist in late medieval Ireland’ in Salvador Ryan and Brendan Leahy (eds), Treasures of Irish Christianity: People and Places, Images and Texts. Dublin: Veritas, 2012.
  • ‘Some reflections on theology and popular piety: a fruitful or fraught relationship’, The Heythrop Journal. Online (2012).


  • ‘“I, too, am a Christian”: early martyrs and their lives in the late medieval and early modern Irish manuscript tradition’, in Peter Clarke and Tony Claydon (eds), Saints and Sanctity: Studies in Church History 47. Abingdon: Boydell Press, 2011.
  • ‘Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556): Christian soldier or “Soul-aider”?’, in Brendan McConvery (ed.), Living in Union with Christ in Today’s World: the Witness of John Calvin and Ignatius Loyola. Dublin: Veritas Publications, 2011.
  • ‘“Reaping a rich harvest of humanity”: images of redemption in Irish bardic religious poetry’, in Brendan Leahy and Séamus O’Connell (eds), Having Life in His Name: Living, Thinking and Communicating the Christian Life of Faith. Dublin: Veritas Publications, 2011.


  • ‘Florilegium of faith: religious verse in the Book of the O’Conor Don’ in Pádraig Ó Macháin (ed.), The book of the O’Conor Don: essays on an Irish manuscript. Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 2010.


  • ‘Wily women of God’ in Cavan’s late medieval and early modern devotional collections’, in Brendan Scott (ed.), Culture and society in early modern Breifne/Cavan. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2009.
  • ‘A wooden key to open heaven’s door: lessons in practical Catholicism from St Anthony’s College, Louvain’, in Edel Bhreatnach, Joseph McMahon and John McCafferty (eds), The Irish Franciscans, 1540-1990. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2009.
  • ‘Fixing the eschatological scales: judgment of the soul in late medieval and early modern Irish tradition’, in Peter Clarke and Tony Claydon (eds), The Church and the afterlife: Studies in Church History, 45. Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2009.


  • ‘‘Weapons of Redemption: piety, poetry and the Instruments of the Passion in late medieval Ireland’ in Henning Laugerud and Laura Skinnebach (eds), Instruments of Devotion: the practices and objects of religious piety from the late Middle Ages to the 20th century. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 2007.
  • “‘New wine in old bottles”: implementing Trent in early modern Ireland’, in Thomas Herron and Michael Potterton (eds), Ireland in the Renaissance, c.1540-1660. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2007.
  • (With Madeleine Gray), ‘“Mother of Mercy”: the Virgin Mary and the Last Judgement in Welsh and Irish tradition’ in Karen Jankulak, Thomas O’ Loughlin and Jonathan Wooding (eds), Ireland and Wales in the Middle Ages. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2007.
  • ‘Creation and Recreation in Irish bardic poetry’, in Sven Rune Havsteen, Nils Holger Petersen, Heinrich W. Schwab, and Eyolf Østrem (eds.), Creations: Medieval Rituals, the Arts and the Concept of Creation. Turnhout: Brepols, 2007.


  • ‘From late medieval piety to Tridentine pietism? The case of 17th century Ireland’ in Fred Van Lieburg (ed.), Confessionalism and Pietism: Religious Reform in the Early Modern period. Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Europäische Geschichte. Mainz: Verlag Philipp Von Zabern, 2006.
  • ‘Exchanging blood for wine: Envisaging Heaven in Irish bardic religious poetry’, in Carolyn Muessig and Ad Putter (eds.), Envisaging Heaven in the Middle Ages. Abingdon: Routledge Press, 2006.
  • ‘Windows on late medieval devotional practice: Máire Ní Mháille’s “Book of Piety” (1513) and the world behind the texts’, in Rachel Moss, Colmán Ó Clabaigh and Salvador Ryan (eds), Art and Devotion in late medieval Ireland. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2006.
  • ‘The most traversed bridge: a reconsideration of elite and popular religion in late medieval Ireland’, in Kate Cooper and Jeremy Gregory (eds.), Popular and Elite religion: Studies in Church History 42 (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2006).
  • ‘News and Good News: Christ in the marketplace’, in Joseph Putti (ed.), Time for change: connecting the Good News with contemporary living. Dublin: Veritas Publications, 2006.


  • ‘Penitent’s Progress’, The Tablet, 11 June, 2005
  • ‘Steadfast saints or malleable models? : Seventeenth-century Irish hagiography revisited’, The Catholic Historical Review, 91:2 (April, 2005)
  • ‘Resilient Religion: Popular Piety today’, The Furrow (March, 2005)


  • ‘The Quest for tangible religion: a view from the pews’, The Furrow (July/August, 2004)
  • ‘A slighted source: rehabilitating Irish bardic religious poetry in historical discourse’,Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies, 48 (Winter, 2004)
  • ‘Bonaventura Ó hEoghusa’s An Teagasg Críosdaidhe (1611/1614): a reassessment’,Archivium Hibernicum, lviii (2004)
  • “Renewal through Respect”: Featured Review of Brendan Hoban’s Change or Decay: Irish Catholicism in crisis’, The Furrow (September, 2004)


  • ‘The persuasive power of a mother’s breast: the most desperate act of the Virgin Mary’s Advocacy’, Studia Hibernica, 32 (2002–2003)
  • ‘The most contentious of terms: towards a new understanding of late medieval “popular religion”’, Irish Theological Quarterly, 68, no.3 (Autumn 2003).


  • ‘Reign of blood: devotion to the wounds of Christ in late medieval Ireland’ in Joost Augusteijn and Mary Ann Lyons (eds.), Irish History: a research yearbook (Dublin, 2002)


Select List of Articles in Popular Publications:

  • ‘Musings’ (a monthly resource for Parish Newsletters), Intercom (November 2013 to present)
  • ‘The Forgotten Pope: Benedict XV (1914-22)’, Reality (September, 2014)
  • ‘How doctrine denied dead infants a decent burial’, Irish Independent (14 June 2014)
  • ‘Peter and Andrew to embrace in Jerusalem’, Irish Catholic (22 May 2014) – on the meeting of Pope Francis and Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople.
  • ‘New papal saints widened the saintly pool’, National Catholic Reporter (April 25-May 8, 2014, print issue; online issue April 26, 2014)
  • ‘As numbers dwindle, the drama of Holy Week brings Christians together’, Irish Independent (19 April 2014)
  • ‘The Christmas Story in the Christian Tradition’, Reality (December, 2013)
  • ‘St Oliver Plunkett (1625-1681) and Church Reform’, Intercom (November, 2012)
  • ‘The Sacred Heart devotion and its medieval roots’, Intercom (June, 2012)
  • ‘Lough Derg – the three-day spiritual de-tox for your soul’, Irish Independent (4 June 2013)
  • “Man of Poverty” Francis is sending a clear message’, Irish Independent (19 March 2013)
  • ‘Riots, Rations, Death – all in a good conclave’, Irish Independent (11 March 2013)
  • ‘Popularity test: why do Solemn Novenas continue to appeal?’, Reality (December, 2011)
  • ‘St Patrick: Man behind the Myth’, Irish Catholic (17 March, 2011)
  • ‘To thank or not to thank?’ (on the question of thanking congregations for attending church), Intercom (March, 2007)
  • ‘An Open Letter to Preachers’, Intercom(September, 2006)
  • ‘Putting Flesh on Faith’, Irish Catholic (23 December, 2004)
  • ‘Jesus’ touch for both body and soul’, Irish Catholic (26 August, 2004)

Book Reviews:

  • I have reviewed books for the following publications: Celtic Studies Association of North America Yearbook, Church History, Doctrine and Life, H-Net, Intercom, Irish Historical Studies, Irish Theological Quarterly, The Journal of Ecclesiastical History, MilltownStudies, Studia Hibernica, The Catholic Historical Review, The Furrow, The Medieval Review, The Sixteenth Century Journal.
  • For a select list of titles that I have reviewed in the years 2003-2013, see below.

Media Presentations:

  • Over the years I have contributed to projects and broadcasts for the BBC, TG4, TV3, RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta and Newstalk’s Talking History.

Current Research:

  • The writing of ecclesiastical history in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries
  • Catechisms and their dissemination in 16th and 17th century Europe
  • The Bible and popular culture in the medieval and early modern periods
  • The material culture of religious devotion in the 19th and 20th centuries

Current Courses (2015-16):


  • History of the Early Church (EH 144)
  • History of the Medieval, Renaissance and Reformation Church (EH244 and EH245)
  • Church and Community in Early Christianity – Readings in Patristic Theology (PA101)


  • History of Christian Practice (PG469)

Memberships of Associations:

  • Secretary, Irish Theological Quarterly
  • Treasurer, Catholic Historical Society of Ireland.
  • Member of the European Network on the Instruments of Devotion (ENID).
  • Elected Committee Member Ecclesiastical History Society (2013-16).
  • Member of International Advisory Board, The Journal of Baroque Studies.
  • Member of Editorial Advisory Board, British Catholic History (Cambridge University Press) – formerly known as Recusant History

Select Book Reviews:

David Edwards, The Ormond Lordship in County Kilkenny, 1515-1642: the Rise and Fall of Butler Feudal Power (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2003), Studia Hibernica 32(2002–2003), 194-6.

Wilson McLeod, Divided Gaels: Gaelic Cultural Identities in Scotland and Ireland, c.1200-c.1650 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), Celtic Studies Association Newsletter (Celtic Studies Association of North America) 22.1 (Samhain, 2004).

Aliki Pantos and Sarah Temple (eds.), Assembly places and practices in medieval Europe (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2004) Studia Hibernica 33 (2004-5), 156-8.

Seán McDonagh, The Death of Life: the horror of extinction (Dublin, 2005), The Furrow (April, 2005).

Walter Kasper, That they may all be one: the call to unity today (London and New York, 2004), The Furrow (January, 2006)

Henry A. Jeffries (ed.), History of the Diocese of Clogher, in The Catholic Historical Review,92:3 (July, 2006)

Judy Ann Ford, John Mirk’s Festial: Orthodoxy, Lollardy and the Common People in Fourteenth-Century England. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2006, H-Catholic Review H-Catholic@h-net.msu.edu (July, 2007).

Tim Grass, SCM Core Text: Modern Church History (London: SCM Press, 2008), Irish Theological Quarterly 74:3 (2009), 359-60

Miri Rubin, Mother of God: a history of the Virgin Mary (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009), Church History 78:4 (2009), 945-7

Ciarán O’Carroll, Paul Cardinal Cullen: portrait of a practical nationalist (Dublin: Veritas Publications, 2008), Intercom (February, 2010), 20.

Robert Bruce Mullin, A Short World History of Christianity (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2008), The Sixteenth Century Journal 41:1 (2010), 336.

Claire M. Waters, Virgins and Scholars: A Fifteenth-Century Compilation of the Lives of John the Baptist, John the Evangelist, Jerome and Katherine of Alexandria(Turnhout: Brepols, 2008), The Sixteenth Century Journal 41:2 (2010), 518.

Conversion to Christianity from Late Antiquity to the Modern Age: Considering the Process in Europe, Asia and the Americas. Edited by Calvin B. Kendall, Oliver Nicholson, William D. Phillips, Jr. and Marguerite Ragnow, The Sixteenth Century Journal 41:4 (2010), 1275-6.

Benjamin Hazard, Faith and Patronage: The Political Career of Flaithrí Ó Maolchonaire, c.1560-1629 (Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2010), The Catholic Historical Review 97:4 (2011), 808-10.

Kathleen M. Crowther, Adam and Eve in the Protestant Reformation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010, The Sixteenth Century Journal 42:4 (2011), 1156-8.

Benedict O’Sullivan OP and Hugh Fenning OP, Medieval Irish Dominican Studies (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2009), Irish Theological Quarterly 75:1 (2010), 111-13.

Oliver P. Rafferty, The Catholic Church and the Protestant State: 19th Century Irish Realities (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2008), The Furrow (May, 2010), 322-3.

Íde M. Ní Riain (ed.), Vices and Virtues by Denis the Carthusian (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2009), Irish Theological Quarterly 75:1 (2010), 113-14.

The Great Persecution: the proceedings of the fifth Patristic Conference, Maynooth, 2003. Ed. D. Vincent Twomey and Mark Humphries (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2009), The Irish Theological Quarterly 75:3 (2010), 316-18.

Maurice Curtis, The Spendid Cause: the Catholic Action Movement in Ireland in the Twentieth Century (Dublin: Original Writing, 2008), The Furrow (May, 2010), 322-3.  

Alister McGrath, Heresy: a history of defending the truth (London: SPCK, 2009), The Irish Theological Quarterly 75:4 (2010), 427-9.

Oliver J. Rafferty (ed.), George Tyrrell and Catholic Modernism (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2010), The Furrow (March, 2011), 190-1.

The unorthodox imagination in late medieval Britain. Edited by Sophie Page. (UCL/Neale Series on British History, 2010) in The Journal of Ecclesiastical History 62:4 (October 2011), 818-19.

E. Frances King, Material Religion and Popular Culture (Abingdon: Routledge, 2010), The Irish Theological Quarterly 76:2 (2011), 193-5.

D. Vincent Twomey SVD and Dirk Krausmüller (eds), Salvation according to the Fathers of the Church: the Proceedings of the Sixth International Patristic Conference, Maynooth/Belfast, 2005 (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2010), Intercom (February, 2012).

Joseph H. Lynch, Early Christianity: a brief history (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010), The Irish Theological Quarterly 76:3 (2011), 298-300.

Henry Chadwick (ed), Not Angels but Anglicans: a history of Christianity in the British Isles (Norwich: Canterbury Press, 2010), The Irish Theological Quarterly 76:4 (2011), 399-400.

Michael Collins, Pope Benedict XVI: the first five years (Dublin: The Columba Press, 2010), The Furrow (November, 2011), 651.

John-Paul Himka, Last Judgment Iconography in the Carpathians (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009), The Sixteenth Century Journal 42:2 (Spring, 2011), 627-8.

Thomas J. Morrissey, Edward J Byrne 1872-1941: The Forgotten Archbishop of Dublin (Dublin: The Columba Press, 2010), Milltown Studies (summer, 2011), 124-6.

Michael Walsh, The Cardinals (Norwich: Canterbury Press, 2010), Intercom (October, 2011), 19.

Finola Kennedy, Frank Duff: a life story (London and New York: Continuum, 2010), Doctrine and Life,61:10 (December, 2011), 55-9.

Katja Ritari, Saints and Sinners in early Christian Ireland (Turnhout: Brepols, 2009), Óenach: Reviews 3:2 (2011), 11-18.

Neil Xavier O’Donoghue, The Eucharist in Pre-Norman Ireland. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2011 in The Medieval Review (April, 2012) https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/2022/14376/12.04.05.html?sequence=1

Jonathan Riley Smith, Templars and Hospitallers as professed religious in the Holy Land (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2010), The Irish Theological Quarterly 77:1 (2012), 115-16.

Miraculous Plenty: Irish Religious Folktales and Legends, ed. Seán Ó Súilleabháin and translated by William Caulfield (University College Dublin: Comhairle Bhéaloideas Éireann, 2012), The Furrow (June, 2012), 316-18.

Charlotte Methuen, Luther and Calvin: Religious Revolutionaries (London: Lion, 2011), The Irish Theological Quarterly 77:3 (2012), 326-7.

Gregory Collins OSB, Meeting Christ in his mysteries (Dublin: The Columba Press, 2010), Intercom (October, 2012), 19.

Colmán Ó Clabaigh OSB, The friars in Ireland 1224-1540 (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2012), Irish Historical Studies (November, 2012)

Dáire Keogh and Albert McDonnell (eds), Cardinal Paul Cullen and his world (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2011), Milltown Studies (winter, 2012).

Gary Waller, The Virgin Mary in Late Medieval and Early Modern English Literature and Popular

Culture (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011), The Sixteenth Century Journal 43:3 (2012).

The Practice of the Bible in the Middle Ages: Production, Reception and Performance in Western Christianity, ed. Susan Boynton and Diane J. Reilly (New York and Chichester: Columbia University Press, 2011), Óenach: Reviews 4:2 (2012)

Firmly I Believe and Truly: The Spiritual Tradition of Catholic England: An Anthology of Writings from 1483 to 1999, ed. John Saward, John Morrill and Michael Tomko (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011), Irish Theological Quarterly 78:92 (2013)

Bernard Green, Christianity in Rome: the first three centuries (London: T&T Clark, 2010), Irish Theological Quarterly 78:4 (2013)

Karen E. Carter, Creating Catholics: Catechism and Primary Education in Early Modern France (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2011), Irish Theological Quarterly 78:3 (2013)

Joseph Kelly, History and Heresy: how Historical Forces can Create Doctrinal Conflicts (Vollegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2012), Irish Theological Quarterly 78:2 (2013)

Thomas M. McCoog, SJ., The Society of Jesus in Ireland, Scotland and England, 1589-1597: Building the Faith of St. Peter upon the King of Spain’s Monarchy (Ashgate &  Institutum Historicum Societatis Iesu, 2012), Sixteenth Century Journal 44 (Spring, 2013)

William Madges and Michael J. Daley (eds), Vatican II: 50 Personal Stories (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2012), Intercom (November, 2013)

Cristina Maria Cervone, Poetics of the Incarnation: Middle English Writing and the Leap of Love (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2012), Óenach: FMRSI Reviews 6.1 (2014), 28-36.